The Aleuts

The Aleuts are ancient people of the Aleutian Islands. They name themselves “Unangan” translated as “seasiders.” Not later than in 1825, the Russian-American Company developing Russian America moved first 17 families of Aleutian manufacturers to Bering Island. The traditional occupation of Aleutians was sea mammal hunting (seals, sea lions, sea otters) and fishing. They also stored eggs of seabirds for winter. There the Aleuts lived in semi-subterranean yurtas (tents). They made braided grass bags, baskets, and floor mats; to keep fat, yukola (dried fish), and crowberry in fat in sea lions’  stomachs.

Dogsleds were a common transport on Bering Island, and on Medny Island the Aleutians used short wide skis to climb mountains in winter time.

The total number of the Aleuts according to the 2010 Russian population census was 482 people, 401 of them lived in Kamchatka.